It publishes news, reviews, and guides on issues such as computer hardware and softwarescience, technology policyand video games. Many of the site's writers are postgraduates and some work for research institutions. Articles on the website are written in a less-formal tone than those in traditional journals.
The operations of Ars Technica are funded primarily by advertising, and it has offered a paid subscription service since The website generated controversy inwhen it experimentally prevented readers who used advertisement-blocking software from viewing the site. Ken Fisherwho serves as the website's current editor-in-chiefand Jon Stokes created Ars Technica in Writers for Ars Technica were geographically distributed across the United States at the time; Fisher lived in his parents' house in Boston, Stokes in Chicago, and the other writers in their respective cities.
The content of articles published by Ars Technica has generally remained the same since its creation in and is categorized by four types: news, guides, reviews, and features. News articles relay current events. Ars Technica also hosts OpenForum, a free Internet forum for the discussion of a variety of topics.
Originally, most news articles published by the website were relayed from other technology-related websites. Ars Technica provided short commentary on the news, generally a few paragraphs, and a link to the original source.
Google gives Android depth sensing and object occlusion with ARCore 1.18
A significant portion of the news articles published there now are original. Relayed news is still published on the website, ranging from one or two sentences to a few paragraphs. Ars Technica ' s features are long articles that go into great depth on their subject. Ars Technica is written in a less-formal tone than that found in a traditional journal.
Website cofounder Jon Stokes published the computer architecture textbook Inside The Machine in ;  John Timmer performed postdoctoral research in developmental neurobiology ;  UntilTimothy Lee was a scholar at the Cato Institutea public-policy institutewhich republished Ars Technica articles by him.
On September 12,Ars Technica recorded its highest daily traffic ever with its iPhone 5 event coverage. It recorded Jennifer Ouelettethe former science editor of Gizmodo, contributes science and culture coverage.
Beth Mole, who has a PhD in microbiology, handles Ars ' health coverage. She was formerly at Science News. Eric Berger, formerly of the Houston Chroniclecovers space exploration. John Timmer is the science editor for Ars. The cost of operating Ars Technica has always been funded primarily by advertising. Subscribers are not shown advertisements, and receive benefits including the ability to see exclusive articles, post in certain areas of the Ars Technica forum, and participate in live chat rooms with notable people in the computer industry.
A series of articles about the future of collaboration was sponsored by IBM and the site's Exploring Datacenters section is sponsored by data-management company NetApp.
In the past, Ars Technica collected revenue from affiliate marketing by advertising deals and discounts from online retailers, and from the sale of Ars Technica -branded merchandise.
Android 9 Pie, thoroughly reviewed
On March 5,Ars Technica experimentally blocked readers who used Adblock Plus —one of several computer programs that stop advertisements from being displayed in a web browser—from viewing the website.During that time, we've seen an absolutely breathtaking rate of change unlike any other development cycle that has ever existed.
When it came time for Google to dive in to the smartphone wars, the company took its rapid-iteration, Web-style update cycle and applied it to an operating system, and the result has been an onslaught of continual improvement. Lately, Android has even been running on a previously unheard of six-month development cycle, and that's slower than it used to be.
Looking back, Android's existence has been a blur. It's now a historically big operating system. Almost a billion total devices have been sold, and 1.
The problem now with the lack of early coverage is that early versions of Android are dying. While something like Windows 1. With fewer and fewer people using old versions of Android, those servers are being shut down. And when a cloud-reliant app has its server support shut off, it will never work again—the app crashes and displays a blank screen, or it just refuses to start. Early versions of Android will be empty, broken husks that won't function without cloud support.
From BlackBerry clone to iPhone clone to innovator: A visual history of Android
While writing this piece, we ran into tons of apps that no longer function because the server support has been turned off. Early clients for Google Maps and the Android Market, for instance, are no longer able to communicate with Google. They either throw an error message and crash or display blank screens. To prevent any more of Android's past from being lost to the annals of history, we did what needed to be done.
In addition to seeing no ads, Ars Technica premier subscribers can download a free PDF version of any article or view any article as a single page. Before we go diving into Android on real hardware, we're going to start with the early, early days of Android. While 1. Before whimsical candy code names and cross-promotional deals with multinational food corporationsthe first public release of Android was labeled "m3-rc20a"—"m3" standing for "Milestone 3.
In Novembertwo years after Google acquired Android and five months after the launch of the iPhone, Android was announcedand the first emulator was released. It was easily dismissed as "just a BlackBerry clone.
The device was built by HTC, and it seems to be the device that was codenamed "Sooner" according to many early Android accounts. But the Sooner was never released to market.
According to accounts of the early development days of Android, when Apple finally showed off its revolutionary smartphone in JanuaryGoogle had to "start over" with Android—including scrapping the Sooner.
Considering the Milestone 3 emulator came out almost a year after Apple's iPhone unveiling, it's surprising to see the device interface still closely mimicked the Blackberry model instead. It didn't make a good first impression. At this early stage, it seems like the Android button layout had not been finalized yet.
There was no configurable home screen or widgets, just a simple dock of icons at the bottom that could be cycled through or tapped on. While touch screen support worked for some features, Milestone 3 was primarily controlled with a five-way d-pad—an anachronism that Android still supports to this day. Even this early version of Android could do animations.
There was no notification panel yet, either. Notification icons showed up in the status bar shown above as a smiley faceand the only way to open them was to press "up" on the d-pad while on the home screen. You couldn't tap on the icon to open it, nor could you access notifications from any screen other than home. When a notification was opened, the status bar expanded slightly, and the text of the notification appeared in a speech bubble.
Once you had a notification, there was no manual way to clear it—apps were responsible for clearing their own notifications. App drawer duties were handled by a simple "Applications" folder on the left of the dock. Despite having a significant amount of functions, the Milestone 3 emulator was not very forthcoming with app icons.By Keith J. March 19, pm Updated March 20, pm. A former reporter for Conde Nast-owned Ars Technica was convicted of trying to engage in sex with minors and faces a mandatory minimum of 10 years in prison.
Peter Bright, 39, a tech reporter and editor for Ars Technica, was arrested in a public park during a sting operation in May after reaching out to an FBI agent posing as the mother of a 7-year-old girl and 9-year-old boy. He asked for photos of the children and said he intended to rape the girl, the feds said. Bright, a Brooklyn resident, was convicted after a one week trial. He is scheduled to be sentenced June 29 and could face up to life in prison.
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New York Post Would you like to receive desktop browser notifications about breaking news and other major stories? Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email.Things were going great in the early days when there was only the one flagship Android phone, but as more companies and carriers got involved the update situation fell apart.
Google tried to intervene with the Android Update Alliance, which resulted in exactly zero improvements to update timeliness. The growing history of OS releases shows all carriers and smartphone manufacturers drag their feet in the application of updates—but some carriers, some manufacturers, and some combinations thereof are marginally better than others at getting updates to their phones.
To see how well all of these companies have been doing, we took a selection of the highest-profile Android phones released since the OS debuted, going all the way back to the T-Mobile G1. Note that we define "update" as a major point release of Android—2.
More minor updates or firmware releases are not accounted for here.
Something to take note of is that some phones, for one reason or another, never received updates during their lifetime. Of the phones we studied, the carriers each have one orphaned, non-updated phone.
The other statistical wrench in this system is the existence of phones that different companies have developed in close partnership with Google, such as the Samsung Galaxy Nexus or HTC Nexus One.
These phones usually serve as flagship handsets for a significant OS release, and they tend to benefit from the Google relationship throughout their useful lifetimes by getting unusually timely updates. We note throughout when we are dealing with a Google partnership phone and how it affects the statistics relative to the carrier or manufacturer as a whole. For the purposes of this article, we are dealing with official releases only.
LG is one of the least prolific manufacturers here, and it happens to be the most lackadaisical about updates. The company let over a year pass for three of its phones before upgrading them to the next version of the operating system, and none of its phones received an update sooner than nine months after Google released a new OS version. LG did not release a second update to any of its handsets presumably because it takes too long with the initial updates.
An LG phone also holds the record for longest update holdout, with the Optimus 2X taking 16 months to go from Android 2. Motorola also has one of the smaller pools of phones, but it is the next least diligent company when it comes to updates. All but one of its phones received one update or less. Two phones took over a year to get updates, and only two phone received any updates in less than six months—the original Droid, released in latewhen it was updated from Android 2.
Motorola fares significantly better in its average time-to-update, though, at 8. Samsung as a whole works harder at keeping its phones current. Five of the 12 phones we studied received two updates during their lifetimes and some, like the Galaxy S III, are not new enough for a second update to be on the table yet. Still, only six of the 17 updates were issued six months or less after Google made the new OS version available.
Samsung benefits a bit in this area from having released multiple versions of two Google partnership phones, the Galaxy Nexus S and Galaxy Nexus. Samsung averages a 6. Although HTC is now one of the less popular manufacturers, it has been the overall winner in terms of getting updates out to users quickly.
Like Samsung, it benefits from Google partnerships, particularly in the early days.Many of these early Google apps will never be seen functioning again. They rely on support from Google servers to function, and as the user base of early versions dies off, the server support dies, too. Starting them now just produces an error message. For a more complete look at how Android got where it is today, check out the full History of Android article.
You must login or create an account to comment. Skip to main content Further Reading The updated history of Android. Further Reading Why documenting every Android version has become a logistical nightmare. Google started with a simple button press, then moved to an arc gesture with the advent of capacitive buttons. Android 2. Over time, various options were added to the unlock ring.
Google liked to change up the fonts every few versions, too. The App Drawer gets its name from the early days 1. The handle sat at the bottom of the home screen and could be dragged up and down. One change that we really can't communicate in pictures is the scroll direction. It used to be up and down, but Android 3. Other than the wacky Blackberry and white tile layout of the alpha versions, Google pretty much nailed the home screen in Android 1. The icon and widget layouts and design have changed over the years, and in 2.
The Notification panel seems to get tweaked with every new version. The two latest versions kept the Android 4. The smooth transition here is nice. The Notification panel went from gray to black-and-gray to black. The naming here might seem like a mess, but it's actually very deliberate. Anything called "Android x. So yes, Google ping-ponged back and forth. Really it's just Android 3. The Camera app is another instance of flip-flopping over the years. Android 1. The circle settings from Android 3.
Also check out that skeuomorphism in Android 2. Mmmm, fake pixelated leather. The two biggest outliers are the hyperactively animated Android 2. Gmail was home to only slight tweaks until Gmail 4. The then-high-res p screen allowed Google to revolutionize the inbox view with two full lines of e-mail text.It's time for another big Android release—and another big review to go along with it.
The latest update for the world's most popular operating system is Android 9 not 9. While last year's Android 8. In Android, that means revamped interfaces for the notification panel, Recent Apps, settings, and various bits of system UI. For future smartphone designs like, say, the Pixel 3Android 9 includes an experimental gesture navigation system and built-in notch support.
There's also a new screenshot editor, lots of improvements for text selection, and changes to the way rotation works. Under the hood, more changes have come, too, with AI-powered battery usage controls, new rules for Play Store developers, and changes to how apps get distributed. We have a lot to cover with this release, so grab a snack, find a comfy chair, and let's dive in. This year, Google will roll out the next generation of its design style, Material Design, across its product lineup.
The update was once referred to internally as "Material Design 2," but officially it's still just "Material Design" without the numbered sequel. The initial version of Material Design, which launched in with Android 5. It was the first time Google published a comprehensive set of design guidelines, and the new style really did get traction with developers. To date, millions of apps have adopted Material Design.
Perhaps it was a little too consistent, though—the designs let you play with color and not much else. Google then used this new system to create a Google-specific version of Material Design called the "Google Material Theme.
This new incarnation of Material Design separates fundamental usability and understandability concerns from the individual styling of elements. For instance, button styles can have varying shapes, colors, shadows, and typography and can live in a few different locations, but the fundamentals like minimum touch sizes, padding, font sizes, contrast, and display size responsiveness are dictated by the Material guidelines. Matias Duarte, the head of Google's Material group, calls Material Theming "a design system for making design systems"—a set of guidelines for making your own design language.
The best way to get a handle on it is to try out Google's new Material Theme Editorwhich is a plugin for Sketch, the popular Mac-only design app. Start the Material Theme Editor and you'll be presented with an interface creation system that suggests a video game character creation screen.
Rather than picking from skin colors and hairdos, though, you craft an app design language, picking from a curated selection of color palettes, shapes, fonts, and icons.
First, you'll create a theme color palette, picking a primary color, a secondary color, and a background color usually white or black. For all these options, you can pick a white or black text color, and the system also generates light and dark color variants, which get used in some UI elements.
The system even checks for contrast problems and will warn you if, for instance, you come up with a hard-to-read "dark-on-dark" combo. Next come fonts, and the editor can either intelligently apply an entire family of fonts across the design, or you can use several fonts for things like a standout title and normal body text.
Before this design revamp, the only recommended font was Roboto. The shape gets automatically applied to some action buttons and cards, but of course you can go in and tweak whatever you want.
Finally, you can pick from several pre-baked system icon sets. These choices are then applied throughout the design. A basic theme is generated with a ton of different layouts more on those later and some sane defaults. From here, you can do further tweaking, adjusting the layout, shadows, buttons styles, and iconography.Android 11 is the upcoming eleventh major release and the 18th version of the Android mobile operating systemdue for release in Q3 The logo for the release features a dial turned to 11 — a reference to the music mockumentary film This Is Spinal Tap.
The first developer preview build of Android 11 was released on February 19,as a factory image for supported Google Pixel smartphones excluding the first-generation Pixel and Pixel XL. It was intended for three monthly developer preview builds to be released before the first beta release, initially due in May, with a total of three monthly beta releases before the actual release.
A state of "platform stability" is planned for Juneand the final release is expected to occur in the third quarter of In the wake of nationwide civil unrest spurred by the death of George FloydGoogle announced that the release of the first Android 11 beta would be postponed. Android 11 will have almost new features. Google also stated plans for a "dedicated conversation section in the notification shade", the ability to only grant certain permissions to apps on a case-by-case basis similarly to iOS 13and to introduce stronger enforcement of the "scoped storage" system.
Android 11 comes with a new "recent apps" UI and the ability to undo an inadvertent closing of a recent app, as well as the ability to tweak gesture sensitivity. With the new Android Trash, Apps can delete files, but restore them before 30 days. This means system updates can be downloaded and installed in the background while the device is being used, making updating your Android phone a very quick and easy process with minimal downtime.
This also allows a copy of the OS image to remain untouched on one of the partitions, just in case something goes wrong during the update process, your phone can revert back to the previous state. Android 11 will have improvements in the interaction with Google Assistant. The new Assistant will improve the interaction between apps and System settings and the Google Assistant .
Bubbles are built into the Notification system. They float on top of other app content and follow the user wherever they go. Bubbles can be expanded to reveal app functionality and information, and can be collapsed when not being used. When the device is locked or the always-on-display is active, bubbles appear just as a notification normally would.
Bubbles is similar to Facebook Messenger Chat Heads, but is system-wide. Apps will need to update to support the Bubbles API. Bubbles are an opt-out feature. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Eleventh major version of the Android mobile operating system. Android Developer. Archived from the original on July 24, Retrieved June 17, Archived from the original on March 27, Retrieved June 3, Ars Technica.
Retrieved April 6, Retrieved June 7, The Verge. Retrieved February 19, Android Police. February 19,